From a geological perspective, the soils at Château Fougas are formed of water-borne and windblown colluvium. Blue and red iron-rich clay ( smectite) coupled with sand and gravel lay on top of a limestone bedrock of Fronsac molasse.
This particularly fine smectite clay at ground level imparts freshness, suppleness and refined tannins to the wines, whilst a limestone bedrock brings balance.
The topography is also extremely interesting: Château Fougas is located on a plateau and enjoys natural water drainage due to two small streams situated below, at the farthest eastern and westernmost points.
Vineyard area : 21.25 ha
Varietals : 64% Merlot, 29% Cabernet-Sauvignon, 7% Cabernet Franc
Appellation : Côtes de Bourg
Average vineyard age : 36 years with regular field blends
Vine density : approximately 5,000 vines/ha
Harvesting : by hand or machine, followed by two sorting tables, the first before destemming, the second after.
Wine making : single vineyard selection with Burgundy-style punching of the cap, in temperature-controlled stainless steel tanks.
Ageing : the wines made according to organic and biodynamic standards are aged in casks for 18 months.